More than 200 elephants have died amid a severe drought, Zimbabwe’s parks agency said, and a mass relocation is planned to ease the problem.
Zimbabwe National Parks and Wildlife Management Authority spokesman Tinashe Farawo said at least 200 elephants have died in Hwange National Park alone since October and other parks are affected.
Animals including giraffes, buffalos and impalas are also dying, he said, and the situation can improve only after rains return.
“Almost every animal is being affected,” he said. “Of course, elephants are easily noticed during patrols or game drives, but some bird species are seriously affected because they can only breed in certain tree heights and those trees are being knocked down by elephants.”
Many animals are straying from Zimbabwe’s parks into nearby communities in search of food and water. The parks agency said 33 people have died from conflict with animals this year.
The agency said it plans to move 600 elephants, two prides of lions and other animals from the Save Valley Conservancy in the south east to less congested parks.
A pack of wild dogs, 50 buffalos, 40 giraffes and 2,000 impalas will also be relocated, Mr Farawo said.
The animals “have exceeded their ecological carrying capacity”, he said. “If the populations go unchecked, the animals will threaten the very ecosystem they depend on for survival.”
Zimbabwe has an estimated 85,000 elephants, second only to neighbouring Botswana with more than 130,000.
Zimbabwe says it is struggling to cope with booming numbers of wild elephants and wants to be allowed to sell its ivory stockpile and export live elephants to raise money for conservation and ease congestion in the drought-affected parks.
The country exported 101 elephants between 2016 and this year, mainly to China and the United Arab Emirates, raising more than £2 million for conservation efforts, according to the parks agency.