A US judge has ordered that WikiLeaks whistleblower Chelsea Manning should be released from jail after being held since May for refusing to testify to a grand jury.
District Judge Anthony Trenga ordered the release of the former Army intelligence analyst after prosecutors reported that the grand jury that subpoenaed her has disbanded.
The judge left in place more than 250,000 dollars in fines he imposed for her refusal to testify to the grand jury, which is investigating WikiLeaks.
A hearing had been scheduled for Friday. Manning argued that she had shown she could not be coerced into testifying and therefore should be released.
On Wednesday, her lawyers said she attempted suicide while at the jail in Alexandria, Virginia.
Manning spent an additional two months in jail earlier in 2019 for refusing to testify to a separate grand jury.
She could have faced nearly six more months in jail if the grand jury had continued its work. The civil contempt citation was designed to coerce her testimony.
Federal prosecutors maintained that Manning can easily secure her own release by complying with the grand jury subpoena. They said she had the same duty to provide testimony that all citizens face.
Under federal law, a recalcitrant witness can only be jailed for civil contempt if there is a reasonable belief that incarceration will coerce the witness into testifying. If the jail time has no coercive effect and is purely punitive, the recalcitrant witness is supposed to be released.
Manning has said she believes grand juries in general are an abuse of power and that she would rather starve to death than testify. Judge Trenga, in sending Manning to jail, said there was no dishonour in testifying to grand juries, which are referenced specifically in the US Constitution, and that he hoped time in jail would allow Manning to reflect on that.
Manning previously spent seven years in a military prison for delivering a trove of classified information to WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange, who is under indictment at the Alexandria courthouse and is fighting extradition to the US from the UK.
Manning’s 35-year sentence was commuted by then-president Barack Obama.
It is possible that prosecutors could convene another grand jury and again subpoena Manning and she could again be jailed for refusing to testify, but there is no clear indication from prosecutors that they would do so.