Palestinians rallied in their thousands early Friday after a ceasefire took effect in the latest Gaza conflict, with many viewing it as a costly but clear victory for the Islamic militant group Hamas over a far more powerful Israel.
Yesterday the British government has thrown its weight behind Israel’s bombardment of Gaza, stating the country has a “legitimate right to defend itself”.
The 11-day conflict left more than 200 dead, the vast majority Palestinians, and brought widespread devastation to the already impoverished Hamas-ruled Gaza Strip.
The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) says it killed 25 senior commanders from the militant groups Hamas and Islamic Jihad and 200 operatives during the 11 days of fighting in Gaza.
The Palestinian health ministry in Gaza says 232 people were killed, including 65 children and 39 women. Hamas has not given casualty figures for fighters.
But the rocket barrages that brought life to a standstill in much of Israel were seen by many Palestinians as a bold response to perceived Israeli abuses in Jerusalem, the emotional heart of the conflict.
The truce faces an early test on Friday, when tens of thousands of Palestinians attend weekly prayers at the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound in Jerusalem, a flashpoint holy site revered by Jews and Muslims.
Jerusalem last night after ceasefire started in Gaza. pic.twitter.com/flGNLC8yIA— Muhammad Smiry 🇵🇸 (@MuhammadSmiry) May 21, 2021
Celebratory protests could spark confrontations with Israeli police, setting in motion another cycle of escalation.
Thousands took to the streets of Gaza as the ceasefire took hold at 2am.
Young men waved Palestinian and Hamas flags, passed out sweets, honked horns and set off fireworks.
Spontaneous celebrations also broke out in east Jerusalem and across the occupied West Bank.
The mood was more sombre in Israel, where prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu faced angry accusations from his right-wing base that he had halted the conflict too soon.
Like the three previous conflicts between the bitter enemies, the latest round of fighting ended inconclusively. Israel claimed to have inflicted heavy damage on Hamas with hundreds of bruising airstrikes but once again was unable to halt the rockets.
Hamas also claimed victory, despite the horrifying toll it took on countless Palestinian families who lost loved ones, homes and businesses.
It now faces the daunting challenge of rebuilding in a territory already suffering from high unemployment and a coronavirus outbreak.
The ceasefire was brokered by neighbouring Egypt after the US pressed Israel to wind down the offensive.
Mr Netanyahu announced that Israel had accepted the proposal late Thursday, while emphasising that “the reality on the ground will determine the future of the campaign”.
US secretary of state Antony Blinken plans to visit the region in the coming days “to discuss recovery efforts and working together to build better futures for Israelis and Palestinians”, the State Department said.
The fighting began on May 10, when Hamas militants in Gaza fired long-range rockets toward Jerusalem.
The barrage came after days of clashes between Palestinian protesters and Israeli police at Al-Aqsa.
Heavy-handed police tactics at the compound, and the threatened eviction of dozens of Palestinian families by Jewish settlers had inflamed tensions.
The competing claims to Jerusalem lie at the heart of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and have repeatedly triggered bouts of violence in the past.
Hamas and other militant groups fired over 4,000 rockets at Israel throughout the fighting, launching them from civilian areas at Israeli cities. Dozens flew as far north as Tel Aviv, the country’s bustling commercial capital.
Gaza today pic.twitter.com/kY7zEu1fmX— Aya Isleem 🇵🇸 #Gaza (@AyaIsleemEn) May 21, 2021
Thousands gathered Friday in the southern Gaza Strip town of Khan Younis outside the family house of Mohammed Deif, the shadowy Hamas commander who had ordered the rocket attacks.
Supporters shouted “victory” and waved green Hamas flags.
Israel, meanwhile, carried out hundreds of airstrikes targeting what it said was Hamas’ military infrastructure, including a vast tunnel network.
At least 230 Palestinians were killed, including 65 children and 39 women, with 1,710 people wounded, according to the Gaza health ministry, which does not break the numbers down into fighters and civilians.
Twelve people in Israel, including a five-year-old boy and 16-year-old girl, were killed.
The United States, Israel’s closest and most important ally, initially backed what it said was Israel’s right to self-defence against indiscriminate rocket fire. But as the fighting dragged on and the death toll mounted, the Americans increasingly pressured Israel to stop the offensive.
“The power of collective, unified action; this is the effort of every person and every nation, together for a just cause.” – FM Shah Mehmood Qureshi— Al Jazeera English (@AJEnglish) May 21, 2021
Pakistan plans a ‘day of solidarity’ with Palestinians as the ceasefire takes hold.
🔴 LIVE updates: https://t.co/oTg1ewAOIP pic.twitter.com/4GKyTioLeH
In a rare public rift, Mr Netanyahu on Wednesday briefly rebuffed a public call from US president Joe Biden to wind things down, appearing determined to inflict maximum damage on Hamas in a conflict that could help save his political career.
But late Thursday, Mr Netanyahu’s office announced the ceasefire agreement. Hamas quickly followed suit.
Militants continued to launch sporadic rocket at Israel early Friday, before the 2am ceasefire took effect.