By Michael McNulty
Luis Buñuel’s film Belle de Jour, released in 1967, took the Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival and stands in film history as one of the most, if not the most, erotic films of all time. Based on Joseph Kessel’s, a Russian who lived in Argentina and wrote in French, novel of the same name, Belle de Jour may not seem as salacious now as when it first appeared, both in print and on the silver screen 40 years later. However, this is a film that has not dated and remains poignant in its depiction of the relationship between love and sexual desire.
Séverine (Catherine Deneuve), a housewife, is married to conventionally handsome surgeon Pierre (Jean Sorel) and trapped in a frigid marriage. After learning from Henri (Michel Piccoli), a friend of Pierre’s, about a high class brothel hidden away in a Parisian apartment, Séverine gives in to her dark desires, desires possibly born from having been molested as a child, and visits the place. She soon becomes the new girl and adopts the handle Belle de Jour, which reflect the hours she works, only in the afternoons before 5.
Buñuel has woven into the film flashbacks, memories, day dreams and dreams that continually blur the line between realities, immediate, fantasized and remembered, providing Belle de Jour with an ethereal and surreal, floating quality. Deneuve is perfect playing Séverine, subtle, detached and mysterious with an elegance that forgoes judgement of her sexual aberrations; she enjoys being dominated, and roughed around.
It may come as a surprise that a film with this plotline actually contains very little nudity and absolutely no onscreen sex. And yet, Buñuel has still masterfully crafted a film that studies the erotic, which looks more closely at the relationship and separation of body and soul, love and desire, recognizing that the two are not mutually exclusive and that perhaps to be fulfilled in love is not to be fulfilled in desire.
In one scene a portly Japanese man visits the brothel bringing with him a mysterious and ornately decorated small box, the contents of which is never revealed, but that omits a low buzzing sound. One girl refuses him, before Séverine agrees to indulge him for the afternoon. The content of the box is of no importance, Buñuel instead uses the scene to introduce the idea of the erotic and call attention to the fact that we all have our own fixations and fetishes.
Belle de Jour is a surrealist black comedy that’s sexy and stylish and by the time the credits roll will have you wondering whether you dreamed the whole thing up.