A major pledge to boost school coffers will reverse some recent Tory budget cuts, but leave schools where they were 13 years ago, according to a respected economic think tank.
Boris Johnson announced plans to invest an extra £7.1 billion in schools in England over the next three years (2022/23).
The Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS) said that taking into account inflation, this means that schools will be getting an extra £4.3 billion per year in real terms by 2022/23.
This is a 7.4% rise and therefore almost reverses the cuts in schools budgets seen since 2009/10, returning funding to 2009/10 levels.
Very big squeeze on schools
However, this means that schools have had a 13-year real-terms freeze on their budgets – an unprecedented period without growth, the IFS said.
Luke Sibieta, IFS research fellow and report co-author, said: “No change over a 13-year period is still a very big squeeze on schools.
“If you’d have told schools that in 13 years’ time, they would be getting exactly the same level of funding, they would naturally be quite concerned.”
The government has said promised extra cash for schools over the next three years fulfils Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s commitment to boost spending and schools that have been underfunded will get the biggest increases.
The move came after years of lobbying by heads and teachers for more cash.
In a new report, the think tank explains that total per-pupil spending on England’s schools has fallen by about eight per cent since 2009/10 – largely driven by a 57% cut in services provided by local authorities and a 20% reduction in sixth-form funding.
On the extra funding, the report said: “This represents 7.4% expected real-terms growth in spending per pupil between 2019–20 and 2022–23 and is sufficient to almost completely reverse the cuts of 8% seen since 2009–10,” the report says.
“If delivered, this will leave school spending per pupil in England about the same level in 2022–23 as it was in 2009–10. No real-terms growth in spending per pupil over 13 years represents a large squeeze by historical standards.”
Further education cuts
The study also says that the extra £300 million to be allocated to further education and sixth forms next year represents a four per cent increase in per student funding, but will still leave the sector over £1 billion short of what they would need to reverse the cuts they have felt since 2010.
In recent years, per-student funding for 16 to 18-year-olds has seen the biggest squeeze out of all stages of education, the IFS said, with school sixth-forms facing budget cuts of 23% per student since 2010/11 and further education and sixth-form college funding per student falling by about 12% over the same period.
“Fully reversing cuts since 2010–11 would cost a further £1.1 billion over and above existing plans by 2022–23 (£730 million for school sixth forms and £320 million for 16– 18 colleges,” the report says.
More cuts on the way for post-16 education
Shadow education secretary Angela Rayner said: “The Tories have cut money for our schools while slashing taxes for the super-rich. After more than a decade of cuts, by 2022/23 our schools still won’t even get the same funding that they received 10 years ago, let alone the investment they need to give all our children a world-class education.
“As the IFS report makes clear, even after huge cuts to sixth form and further education colleges and adult education, yet more cuts are on the way for post-16 education.”
Geoff Barton, general secretary of the Association of School and College Leaders, said: “The IFS report provides a sober assessment of the Government’s hyped-up announcements over education funding.
“School and college finances will continue to be under pressure despite the increased level of investment.”
James Kewin, deputy chief executive of the Sixth Form Colleges Association, said: “Today’s report from the IFS highlights the huge reductions in 16 to 18 funding that we have had to contend with since 2010.
“The Raise the Rate campaign’s funding impact survey sets out the reality behind the numbers: deep reductions to student support services and extra-curricular activities, Stem and language courses dropped, class sizes up and teaching time down.
“But rolling back the funding cuts imposed since 2010 is the wrong target. The key issue to focus on is sufficiency – securing the level of funding that is required to deliver a high quality sixth form education now, and in the future.”
Increasing attainment gap for poorer pupils
Shocking new research last month uncovered that in 2018, almost two in five of the most disadvantaged students achieved below a grade 4 in maths or English language.
Teenagers from the poorest areas are at risk of being held back from success in life because they are significantly more likely to score low grades in their GCSEs, a charity has warned.
The Teach First charity’s analysis of Government figures shows that last year, 38% of young people from the poorest areas of England achieved a grade 3 or below – including a U – in their maths GCSE, compared to 20% of those from the richest areas.
In July, the Education Policy Institute (EPI) revealed the GCSE attainment gap between poorer and richer children is actually widening now and will take more than 500 years at the current rate for the gap to close for secondary school pupils.
Poor teenagers are 18 months behind their wealthier peers in their GCSEs as progress in closing the divide has come to a standstill, according the EPI annual report showed.
It also found that disadvantage gaps are larger and growing in parts of northern England.
Based on official Government data looking at pupils’ academic achievement in England, the research compares those eligible for free school meals at any time in a six-year period with their better-off peers.
The most persistently disadvantaged students – those eligible for free school meals for at least 80% of their time in school – are almost two years (22.6 months) behind their peers by the time they leave secondary school.
Education is a priority for the Prime Minister
A Department for Education spokeswoman said the recently announced multibillion-pound extra funding for schools is “the biggest cash boost for a decade”, noting that the IFS has said it will restore schools’ funding to previous levels in real terms by 2022/23.
She added: “Alongside this, we announced a significant real-terms increase in funding for 16 to 19-year-olds in 2020-21 to make sure we can continue to develop world class education to rival countries on the continent.
“We also provided £700 million extra for children with special educational needs and disabilities.
“Together, this package will give all young people the same opportunities to succeed and access the education that’s right for them regardless of where they grow up.
“The Prime Minister is clear that education is one of his main priorities, and we want a system that boosts productivity, improves social mobility and equips children and adults with the skills and knowledge they need to succeed.”